Diagnostics is used to determine, which condition, disease or virus best fits the patients symptoms. There are many methods that have become available over the years, which are more accurate in some cases. This part of the medical field is a rather tricky one as there are many diseases and conditions around the world, which is why multiple methods are used to provide the best results.
The diagnostics or diagnosis process could take time as it sometime moves through a vast variety to stages. Patients may also find themselves going for numerous tests, which is usually to attempt a different approach, confirm previous results or to get a better understanding of the current condition.
Mammography – Is a test used very commonly to detect cancer. This test is performed on woman only, which consists of an X-ray like image of the breasts. This can show tumors and cysts long before a doctor may detect them with other methods. This test is recommended at least once every 2 years for woman over 40 and those who may have a family history of breast cancer.
Echocardiography – Echocardiography is a radiation free test, which can provide an image of your heart and its function with sound waves. This test is completely pain free and will provide an image of your heart values, chambers and surrounding areas.
Complete Blood Count – A complete Blood Count test is also referred to as a CBC, which will provide blood information. The test consists of drawing blood from a vein in the patients arm or finder. These tests will provide information about the red and white blood cells balance, hemoglobin and more.
Colonoscopy – A colonoscopy is a test used to find any problems with the colon. The doctor performs this test with a thin tube with a light and camera lens, which is inserted into the rectum. This test will provide information about swelling, ulcers and colon cancer. Colonoscopies are recommended at least every 10 years for patients over the age of 50.
Prothrombin Time – Prothrombin Time is known as a PT or protime. The test is also performed with patient’s blood, which will test for blood clots. If the patient take medicine that could thin out the blood, these test will be used on a regular basis.
Bone Density Study – Bone Density tests are X-ray like tests, which will provide information about the loss of bone density. Certain conditions, diseases and medication cause the bones to lose density such as osteoporosis, steroids and thyroid disease. However, bones are also expected to thin with age.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging – This test has become well known as an MRI. This test will provide images of the body’s internals, which allow doctors to see the condition of bones, muscles, nerves and just about any other organs.
Computer Axial Tomography – CAT or CT scan allows doctors to take multiple images of internals, which will provide the information required to detect tumors, blood clots, infections or other conditions or diseases.
Electrocardiogram – an EKG tests the heart for multiple reasons, which includes regularity, strength, speed and other. A technician will places several electrodes on your chest, which will provide the doctor with a printout showing the information required. This test is painless.
Prostate Specific Antigen – PSA test are used to measure the level or prostate in a man’s body. A high level could cause disease or cancer. Regular tests may be recommended by your doctor.