Since many types of health care are required to the general public, the system has been put together, which will sort after all patients accordingly. This includes primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary and even home care. These different stages of health care will ensure those in need of medical care ranging from emergencies to specialists are taken care of. The system also ensures the prevention of spreading diseases and care of the general public.
Most patients will visit a primary health care professional first, which will usually have the ability to assist and prescribe the correct medicine or advice for a speedy recovery. However, should a second opinion or additional assistance be required, the primary care giver will refer patients to a secondary or tertiary professional.
Primary care oversees multiple professionals, which are the first professionals patients would interact with. These include primary care physician, family or general practitioner, which include licensed practitioners such as nurses and physician assistants.
Patients can access primary care professional at hospitals and clinics, which will assist to the best of their ability. These are not specialists as they would refer patients for secondary care givers if a patient has a condition involving serious illness, injury or any other medical condition of which a general practitioner cannot provide care for.
Secondary health care is very important as well. These include care from a specialists and other professionals, which are usually referred to by the primary care giver. This includes a massive selection of specialists, which specialize in particular parts of the body. These include cardiologists, urologists, dermatologists and many more. Secondary care also plays a big role in child birth, intensive care, emergency rooms and more. The treatments include short, yet required assistance from medical professionals.
Secondary care is also referred to as hospital care as most patients would interact with these professionals in hospital. However, many specialists practice outside of hospitals, which include clinical psychologists, physiotherapist’s psychiatrists and many others. Depending on the health care system, many countries require patients to visits a primary professional to obtain a referral before a secondary care giver can be reached.
Tertiary care refers to consecutive specialized health care, which is usually available on referral from primary or secondary care givers. Tertiary also includes professionals, which provide long term care for cancer patients, severe burns, cardiac surgery and many others.
These are usually also out of hospital care, which will take place on a premises with a health care team and professionals, which provide advanced medical research and investigation. Patients with unusual symptoms or in need of long term care such as chemo or dialysis would seek the help of a tertiary care center.
Is very much the same as tertiary care facilities or an extension of tertiary care. Certain medical procedures or advanced medical research and testing would take place at these facilities. These also offer procedures, which tertiary care centers may not have available. No many countries provide quaternary care, but can be found in the US and UK.
Home and Community Care
Home and community care plays a big part in the prevention of spreading diseases by providing the required items to protect everyday citizens. This includes food safety, which will ensure restaurants serve items according to standards, prevent items, which may carry over diseases. These organizations are also responsible for the distribution of required information and protection to the public. This include condoms, needle exchange programs and most important, educating the general public and new occurrences and ways to prevent infection or personal physical or mental harm.