First aid plays a massive part of the health care system as it can save a life or keep an emergency under control until health care professionals can attend to the patient. First aid also contributes to many other injuries and diseases, which occur at home, in the work place and just about anywhere else.
First aid courses are available to all members of the public, which will provide training in case of emergency, general treatment or assisting with smaller injuries. These individuals are not considered doctors, but will have basic knowledge of the medical field and what is required in life threatening situations.
Basics of First Aid
During a first aid course you will learn all types of treatments and actions that need to take place in case of injury or emergency. Below are some examples and the duties involved with first air responses.
Bleeding can occur for multiple reasons. Some cuts are much more severe than others, which also depends on the part of the body that had obtained injury. For example, a cut to the face or neck will bleed much more progressively than a cut to the arm. Heavy blood loss can send the body into shock, which presents an emergency situation within seconds. First air personnel will be required to keep the person calm, lay the person down and attempt raising the wound above heart level if on a limb, this will slow down bleeding. After putting on gloves, apply pressure to the area firmly. Use a cloth and hold pressure for at least 10 minutes. Do not remove the cloth during this time. Should the injury be deep or severe, alert medical professionals to respond as soon as possible.
Broken bones are also rather common for a first aid person to attend to. This will require a professional medical team to be contacted immediately. In the mean time, it is recommended that the patient not be moved. Calm patient by laying them down, elevate feet around 12 inches off the ground. If in shock, cover the person with a blanket to hold body temperature. Use a piece of cardboard or wood and tie it to the injured area. Do not make it too tight, as it is just required to provide support and avoid further injury to the area. Wrap a cool substance in a cloth and apply it to area.
If a person is non-responsive and not breathing the following will be required. First, see if the person is responsive by shaking the shoulders and speaking to the person in a loud tone of voice. For an instant, check for response by tapping the bottom of the foot. If the person does not respond call for emergency health care professionals as soon as possible. First aid members will be required to perform CPR immediately. If an AED (automated external defibrillator) device is available, deliver a single shock to the victim before starting CPR. However, if this device in not available, start chest compression’s. CPR is used to supply the body with required oxygen when the body is no longer able to. Chest compression’s will be required to start off with, according to the American Heart Association 30 chest compression’s will be required before moving on to mouth to mouth resuscitation’s.
Mouth to mouth resuscitation’s will require the first aid person to tilt the head back slightly, which will open the airway, block the patients nose and cover the mouth with your or a CPR mask. Provide two 1 second rescue breaths to the patient and repeat with chest compression’s.