Diabetes can be deadly when it does untreated and can still be life threatening even when it is treated. It is a chronic metabolic disease, which affects the blood sugar levels in your body. The pancreas provides insulin, which is a hormone when food is consumed. Insulin allows sugar into cells from blood, which means if not enough insulin is supplied, the sugar builds up in the blood, which can cause multiple problems such as heart disease, blindness and strokes.
Different types of Diabetes
Diabetes is divided into 2 types, which include type 1 and type 2. These have different requirements. Gestational diabetes and pre-diabetes are also serious, but can be managed to provide type 1 or 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is the most dangerous type as the pancreas does no longer provide insulin. This means you glucose (blood sugar) levels are not managed at all. For patients with type 1 diabetes to survive, insulin has to be taken. No cure is available for type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be managed in most cases. Some patients will require additional insulin as the pancreas may not produce enough. Patients with type 2 diabetes require a healthy life style and need to keep track of their glucose levels, which will prevent complications.
Gestational diabetes could develop during pregnancy. This will put the patient at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. According to studies, gestational diabetes increase chances of getting type 2 diabetes within 20 years by 35% – 60%. Pre-diabetes is basically a type of diabetes, which isn’t serious enough to be called type 1 or 2. This is still rather serious and will require a healthy life style to prevent it from becoming more serious.
Diabetes has no cure, which means once you have it, it will remain a part of the rest of your life, which is why it’s so important to try prevent the disease in the first place. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise and weight control. Obviously this lifestyle has many other benefits, but avoiding diabetes is a massive plus point.
Type 1 cannot be prevented, but mostly occur during childhood or as a teen. Only 5% of type one diabetes are presented as adult cases. Type 1 is known to become more intense with age. Both types of diabetes are one of the leading reasons for blindness with patients ranging from 20 to 74. These diseases are currently known as the 7th deadliest disease in the US.
Type 2 diabetes usually occurs as an adult and is mostly caused by obesity. Type 2 usually occurs slowly and may not provide may symptoms, which makes it difficult to track. However, other cases provide symptoms, which include thirst, frequent, blurry vision, fatigue and increased urination. Should these symptoms present themselves, visit your doctor as soon as possible.
Type 1 provide the same symptoms, but occur much faster and dramatically. Patients are also known to lose weight drastically and your will have trouble to process glucose from food, which will cause your body to break down and seek energy from other sources such as fat. Normal eating habits will change and you will constantly feel hungry, but still lose weight, which is a common symptom of diabetes.